This citation guide is based on Kate Turabian’s A Manual for Writers of Research Papers, Theses, and Dissertations (9th ed.) and should be used for most papers at Covenant Theological Seminary. However, MAC students should use the APA Citation Guide in their counseling classes.

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Bibliography Basics

Unless otherwise instructed, follow these guidelines for formatting your bibliography:

  • Sort your bibliography entries alphabetically by the last name of the first author (or title if anonymous).
  • Each entry should have a ½-inch hanging indent (i.e., the first line of each entry is flush with the left margin, and subsequent lines are indented).
  • Entries should be single-spaced, but include a line of blank space between each entry.
  • Use standard postal state abbreviations. Illinois should be “IL”, not “Ill.”